What is Qurbani? The act of offering an animal as a sacrifice to Allah (SWT) is known as Qurbani. The word “Qurbani” originates from the Arabic word “qurb,” which means “nearness.” Therefore, by performing Qurbani, we strive to draw closer to Allah. Qurbani is offered during Eid-ul-Adha, which is observed from the tenth to the twelfth of Dhul Hijjah, the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar. Muslims all over the world sacrifice livestock on this Eid to seek the pleasure of Allah (SWT) and donate at least one-third of the meat to the less fortunate. Undertaken on Eid ul-Adha, the act of Qurbani honors the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to sacrifice his beloved son, Ismail (AS), in obedience to Allah’s (SWT) command. This event holds great significance in Islamic history. The five days of the Hajj pilgrimage conclude with the observance of Qurbani. Distribution of the meat When multiple individuals participate in the sacrifice of an animal, such as a cow or a camel, it is essential to ensure equitable distribution of the meat. This should be done by accurately weighing the portions and not relying on estimations. According to Shariah, even if all partners agree to distribute the meat equally without weighing it, it is prohibited. However, if weighing is not practical for any reason and all partners agree to donate the meat without weighing, a distribution based on estimations can be allowed under the condition that each share includes either a leg of the animal or a certain amount of its liver. It is important to note that the animal’s various parts may be utilized for personal use, but they should not be sold or given to the butcher as payment for their services. If someone happens to sell the meat or skin of the Qurbani animal, they are obligated to take the money collected from the sale and give it as charity to a deserving recipient of Zakat. What is the importance of Qurbani in Islam? The act of offering an animal as a sacrifice to a deity is known as Qurbani or udiyah. In Arabic, it is considered an act of charity. Financially secure Muslims perform this sacred rite as a means of seeking blessings from the Almighty. Qurbani or Udiyah, as per Islamic law, involves the offering of a specific animal by a designated individual on a particular day. Drawing closer to God through Qurbani encompasses more than simply slaughtering an animal and distributing its meat. Muslims uphold the tradition of animal sacrifice, which includes offering goats, camels, sheep, and cows, with the intention of seeking Allah’s goodness, blessings, and pleasure. The evolution of Qurbani The origins of Qurbani can be traced back to the Prophet Ibrahim (AS). In the narrative of the Qurbani Eid, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) is said to have received recurring dreams in which Allah (SWT) instructed him to sacrifice his son, Ismail (AS). This served as a test of Ibrahim’s devotion and love for Allah. With unwavering faith, Ibrahim prepared himself and his son for the sacrifice, fully submitting to Allah’s (SWT) command. According to the legend, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) brought his son to Mount Arafat to carry out the sacrifice. When they reached the mountain, Ibrahim shared his dream with his son, and to his relief, Ismail (AS) agreed and expressed his own conviction that this act was a demonstration of complete submission to Allah (SWT). Just as Ibrahim was about to sacrifice his son, Ismail, Allah (SWT) intervened and substituted a ram in place of Ismail. Ibrahim then sacrificed the ram as instructed. To his astonishment and joy, he found his son Ismail standing beside him in perfect health. Learnings from Qurbani According to Allah (SWT), sincere believers are those who “establish prayer and give Zakat” (Quran 5:55). This distinguishes us as a community that not only focuses on personal growth emotionally and spiritually but also actively strives to assist others and contribute to the well-being of those around us. Both aspects play a crucial role in our faith. Living a life of charity involves showing empathy towards others. It entails sharing our blessings with those who are less fortunate in this world. Consistent generosity should be a significant aspect of a Muslim’s life and their devotion to Allah. FAQ What is the purpose of doing Qurbani? The act of sacrifice, known as udhiya, involves willingly submitting one’s will to the Will of God in order to draw closer to Him in worship. The term qurbân, derived from Arabic, reflects the intention of submitting to and having faith in God in order to “get close” to Him. What are the benefits of Qurbani as stated in hadiths? Qurbani holds various advantages as mentioned in the Hadiths. It is a means of delighting Allah’s (SWT) servants. Through Qurbani, one demonstrates loyalty to Allah (SWT). It allows us to express gratitude for the numerous blessings bestowed upon us by Allah (SWT), brings us closer to Him, earns us rewards, and provides protection against hardships. What is the significance of sacrifice during Eid-ul-Adha? Eid-ul-Adha holds special significance as it marks the culmination of the Hajj pilgrimage, which is the fifth pillar of Islam. Why are sacrifices made on Eid-ul-Adha? On Eid-ul-Adha, animals such as sheep, goats, and cows are sacrificed in remembrance of a Quranic story where God commanded the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham in the biblical tradition) to sacrifice his son, Ismail. To conclude Qurbani is an act that exemplifies complete obedience to the will of Allah and is a symbol of profound submission to Him. When a Muslim performs Qurbani, they aim to demonstrate this commitment. The Qurbani narrative serves as a compelling example of devotion and unwavering love, reflecting a deep sense of faith and dedication to the Almighty. It represents the unwavering faith and fervor displayed by Prophets Ibrahim (AS) and Ismail towards their faith and Creator. In Islam, Qurbani holds significant value as a devotional act towards Allah (SWT), but it also serves as a charitable gesture, providing assistance to those in need.